Estates Theatre

By Emperor Josef II`s permission, the theatre was built by enlightened aristocrat, count František Antonín Nostic-Rieneck on his own property. The foundation stone was established on June 7, 1781. The edifice, designed by architect Antonín Haffenecker was built in the Classicist style and along with the theatre in Leoven, Styria, it is the only theatre in Europe which has been almost completely preserved in its original condition. Vaclav Tham`s historic drama with songs "Bretislav a Jitka" was the first original Czech play staged here on January 10, 1786. The history of the theatre is inseparably associated with the name of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart who conducted here his opera "The Marriage of Figaro" in January 1787 and the world premiere of yet another of his operas, "Don Giovanni", dedicated to the Praguers, was staged here on October 29 of the same year. Following Count Nostic passing, the hier Count Bedrich Nostic offered the theatre to the Czech estates who purchased it in 1798 and renamed it as The Royal Estates Theatre. Drama was performed in German, operas in German or Italian, Czech plays were on on Sundays and holidays only. The first Czech opera "The Tinker" by Frantisek Skroup was performed on February 2, 1826. A famous violin virtuoso Paganini gave six concerts in December of 1828. On December 21, 1834, a Czech musical comedy "Fidlovacka" by composer Frantisek Skroup and playwright J.K. Tyl was performed and one of the songs, "Where Is My Home" later became the Czech national anthem. In 1948, the theatre was renamed to "Tyl`s Theatre" and became a permanent stage of the National Theatre. Renamed again in 1991 to the historic "Estates Theatre", this is the stage where, rightfully, Mozart`s operas are performed.

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Updated 01-01-1970 01:00