Žižkov - panorama

LIBEN, VYSOCANY, KARLIN, ZIZKOV A VINOHRADY

On the right bank of the Vltava River and south from Troja along New Town lie the city quarters of Libeň, Vysočany and Karlín, which gradually changed from Romanesque and Gothic settlements to summer castles and agricultural farmsteads on the outskirts of the city until the 19th century fully drew them in as industrial and residential suburbs.

Invalidovna

Karlín is a slightly different case. Up until 1817, vegetable gardens prospered here, along with the renowned Schönfeld Summer Castle of Růžodol, in which theatre was conducted in Czech, from the 18th century. Invalidovna was a former structure that was preserved. The year 1817 changed everything. Then, the spirit of classicist urban planning of the outskirts of Karlín was laid, named after Karolína Augusta, the wife of František I. Soon the Empire style Apartment Buildings sprang up here, part of which are preserved to this day. Karlín was the most modern part of Prague. The first gas works arose here; they provided public lighting, which spread throughout Prague and the first Prague trams ran here too. The buildings of the local manufacturers and factories, which no longer function, were threatened with demolition and with that the demise of the whole character of the area loomed, but in 1999 Karlín Palace and in 2001 Corso Karlín were completed. The famed Riccardo Beaufil hung the current structure of glass and steel on old factory walls and an object by David Černý has brought the building to life in an original way. Thus in the old centre, Karlín Square, was renewed.

Památník Národního Osvobození

On the southern side of Karlín lies the forested hillside of Žižkov and under its southern slope lies the city quarter of the same name, which further to the south changes into Vinohrady. In the middle ages, this area was covered with vineyards, among which estates and summer castles later arose. But all was not always peaceful. On the top of Žižkov, formerly Vítkov, the siege of Hussite Prague was broken in 1420 and the vast one-hundred-thousand-strong crusade army of King Sigmund Luxemburg panicked and fled. This great triumph of the Hussite Wars is commemorated by the National Liberation Monument at Vítkov (1929–32). In the years 1931-41, Bohumil Kafka created the monumental Bronze Statue of Jan Žižka, the victorious leader of the Hussites, for Vítkov. In its time, this was the largest bronze statue of a horse and rider in the world (its height and length is over 9 m and it weighs almost 17 tonnes). Besides acting as a reminder of the Hussite victory, it was supposed to commemorate the Czechoslovakian legion from the 1st World War, similarly to today’s Museum of Revolts and the Military under Vítkov. Tourists can get an unforgettable view of Prague from here.

Kostel Nejsvětějšího Srdce Páně

During the horrendous plague in the year 1680, the Plague Cemetery came into being under the Vítkov memorial. From 1784, it became the main Prague cemetery (the Jewish, Olšany, and Vinohrady cemeteries). Franz Kafka, among others, is buried in the Jewish Cemetery. The Olšany Cemetery is the final resting place of many famous people of modern Prague. In the 19th century, Žižkov was separated from Vinohrady, because Žižkov became a working class part of town, while Vinohrady became a luxurious residential area. In this part of Prague, we also find the current Television Broadcasting Tower of Prague in the Mahler Gardens; built during the years 1987–90, it became the new dominant feature of the town (216 m). The artist David Černý decorated it with enormous crawling infants.

Výhled z Vítkova

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Updated 01-01-1970 01:00